European law as an aspect of international relations
European law is a system of civil andPrivate law, formed as a result of the cooperation of European countries. In general, it has its history and origins in two systems - the Roman and British empires. I must say that it is considered an international tradition and is presented as a universal system. In general, all legal systems in the modern world, as a rule, are based on three basic principles: civil, general, religious law. However, the legal system of each country, first of all, is determined by its unique history and, accordingly, includes individual variations.
Historically, European law has been associated withChristianity, statehood, enlightenment, views on free trade and human rights. The works of medieval legal scholars were developed on the basis of the Roman civil law code, known as Corpus iuris civilis (or the "Codification of Justinian"). In medieval England, judges had more power than their counterparts on the continent, and developed a system of precedents.
Initially, European law was one commonsystem in much of Europe, and for a long time it has determined the positions of power. However, with the strengthening of nationalism in Scandinavian countries in the 17th century, and then during the French Revolution, general European law was divided into separate national systems. These changes led to the development of separate national codes, of which the Napoleonic Code, the German and the Swiss, had a great influence. Civil law included many ideas related to the Enlightenment.
Sources of European law - the main,secondary and additional right. In the first case, the main source is the agreements on the establishment of the EU. In the second - legal documents on the basis of contracts, conventions and agreements. The EU Council may, in accordance with an international treaty, establish a secondary right to achieve the goal set forth in it. In the third - the laws of the Court of the European Union, MP, the general principles of EU law.
The legal order created by the EU has become an inalienablepart of politics and the life of society as a whole. Every year, based on EU treaties, thousands of decisions are made that affect the countries and lives of their citizens. Individuals are not only citizens of their country, city or district, they are EU citizens.