Plants of gardens. What to put in the country?
Very diverse garden plants, with the help ofwhich can transform your summer cottage and make it a positive place to relax. It is important only to correctly choose them, given the purpose, height, flowering time and many other factors.
What should grow in the garden
A rare garden does without fruit trees. Most often it is an apple tree that can grow practically in any climatic conditions. A variety of berry bushes perform a variety of functions here. They can serve as a living fence (dog rose, hawthorn), provide a harvest of tasty and useful berries (currants, gooseberries, raspberries, etc.), which are used in domestic preparations. In addition, during the flowering period many shrub plants play a decorative role.
A real vineyard will be a real garden decoration,which can be an architectural structure. Instead, hops are planted as hedges. Decorative flowers, both perennial and annual, are the most popular garden plants. Miniature inflorescences of violets and marigolds, large luxury peonies, gladioluses and roses are able to please their beauty throughout the summer season. Fragrant and bright flower beds and flower beds - an indispensable attribute of any garden.
They are indispensable in any dacha section and,Once settled, they stay there for many years. The most popular of the bushes are those that not only delight the eye with their beautiful views, but also bring delicious fruits.
Today many gardeners, in addition to the usual andfamiliar from childhood currants and gooseberries, are seeking to find interesting and exotic species of fruit and berry plants. One of them is a healing culture called lemongrass. Eastern healers have long used it to eliminate fatigue, a favorable effect on the organs of vision and increase vitality.
From the fruits of Schizandra you can prepare not onlyjams and jams. They can be dried and used as a remedy. Also useful are the leaves of this plant - from them is obtained aromatic and tonic tea.
No less interesting plants of the gardens are the cotoneaster brilliant, hawthorn, honeysuckle, actinidia and many others.
To each bush its place
When laying berries, it is necessary to take into account thatthey will be on the selected site for at least ten years. So you can not make a mistake with the place suitable for them. Plant shrubs are recommended where there is good lighting, preferably on small slides or hills. From plants you can create spectacular curbs, beautiful edges and groups. Such bushes as raspberries, blackberries, help to decorate a plain-looking fence or unsightly places on the site. The blueberry bush will look great in planting heather or coniferous crops.
An experienced gardener and gardener knows that somefruit-berry bushes must be planted in the fall, and others - in the spring. This takes into account weather conditions, soil properties and many other factors.
Before landing, there is a bigpreparatory work. For a month and a half or two months before this, the place where shrubs grow will be leveled and dig through, destroying all the weeds. Then necessary fertilizers are introduced into the soil and drainage is carried out.
How to plant trees properly
It's no secret that trees, like people, not everyone canit is easy to get along in the neighborhood with each other. Between them there is often a struggle for soil, light, water. And some of them die in this fight. To avoid such cases, it is necessary for beginning gardeners to obtain some knowledge of allelopathy (compatibility of plants with each other).
You can safely plant such trees nearby asapple, rowan, pear. Their neighborhood even has a beneficial effect on development. But juniper, hawthorn, birch and apricot is recommended to be planted away from them. Selecting different plants for the garden, such factors must be taken into account.
The most capricious in this respect is thewalnut, which is usually located on the outskirts of the site, away from other trees. It is believed that the toxic substances produced by the plant, can destroy all other fruit and berry plantations.
Flowers for the garden
It is difficult to imagine a garden plot without them. The appearance of its entire territory depends largely on how well these plants are properly selected. Those who are forced to visit the garden infrequently, first of all, pay attention to flowers, for which minimal care is required. Garden plants in this case should be quite unpretentious and well tolerate drought. Such flowers are marigolds, nasturtium, morning glory and many others.
With the help of perennials you can provide beautysite throughout the season. In the spring, the ornament of the garden will be: primula, aquilegia, anemone, brunner, bananas. In summer, hydrangeas, peonies, irises, phloxes, echinacea, and daylily blossom beautifully. Chrysanthemums, asters, clarification create a real riot of colors in autumn, when other plants are already losing their decorative appearance.
A competent horticulturist and gardener will necessarily take into account when planting the time of flowering of plants, so that the site from spring to autumn would gladden the eye with its beautiful view.
This is a very convenient option for those who do not havetime to transplant flowers and change their composition every year. The entrenched perennials will decorate the garden for many years. Among them, the most popular are dahlias and peonies. The latter can blossom blossom throughout most of the summer period. In addition to flowers, decorative function is also performed by the dark green glossy leaves of this plant. They are planted in well-lit areas that are not subject to flooding or high humidity.
Flowering of dahlias begins near the end of summer. The soil for them needs fertile, with good hydration. Like any other garden ornamental garden, dahlias require regular feeding, timely watering and the destruction of weeds.
Original ornamental grasses
Even the most shaded garden area, where notmany flowers take root, can be turned into a beautiful clearing. There are various perennials that feel great on such poorly lit areas. This is a noble herb, the ornamentality which gives their variegated and colorful leaves. One of these plants is the fern.
If the garden is planned correctly, there is mucheasier to care for. First of all, before you engage in planting, it is recommended to create a plan on paper by writing out all the names of garden plants that will be planted, indicating their flowering time, size and degree of shade tolerance. This will help to form the landscape competently.
Original looks in the garden perennials,decorated with baskets, vessels and other similar decorative elements. Flowerbeds can be made in the form of various geometric shapes. The middle of the ridge should occupy the highest plants, then of medium height, and at the edges plant decorative grass or undersized flowers.
An interesting option for decorating the garden arewooden flower beds. Plants in them very well tolerate the winter. The main thing is to treat the tree with an antiseptic to prevent rotting. To give flower beds a different shape will help iron sheets. But it is not recommended to plant plants in concrete flower beds, as they can easily freeze.
It will help to create a garden that will causeadmiration and envy of others, an experienced florist or landscape designer who knows garden plants perfectly, the conditions for growing them, the characteristics of care, and so on.