Azalea is Japanese. Azalea Japanese: planting and care
Azalea Indian and Japanese - this is perhaps the mostbeautiful decorative crops, affecting flower growers with their delicate buds. The first is grown in room conditions, and the second can easily take root in the garden. Azalea easily tolerates cold, indoor plant in winter prefers temperatures of up to 12 ° C, and garden is also experiencing 27-degree frosts. Flower growers are more popular with flowers growing at home, but brands that prefer to live on the street, until recently, were in the shade. Today, more and more often you can see the oriental beauty in the gardens.
Choosing a place for planting a garden azalea
The Japanese miracle is very beautiful, but very capricious. Azalea requires compliance with all conditions acceptable for growth: temperature, lighting, soil composition. Since the flower is shade-loving, it does not tolerate direct sunlight. In case of excessive illumination, there may be a fall in buds, a wrinkling of the leaves, and the plant itself as a whole will weaken, it will be prone to disease. Azalea Japanese refers to the evergreen varieties, it feels good in the shade and penumbra. But the deciduous plants are comfortable in a lighted place, which, however, at least partially must be protected by trees.
The quality of the soil plays an important role for azaleas. Since the plant has a surface root system, it is necessary to replace about half a meter of soil with a suitable substrate. Soil mixture can be bought, and you can prepare yourself, mixing the acidic soil with sand, coniferous earth and peat. Planting of seedlings is best done in the spring, but planting of container plants and throughout the summer is allowed.
Azalea Japanese requires careful preparationsoil. First you need to dig a hole half a meter in depth and about 70 cm wide. At the bottom is laid drainage from broken brick and coarse sand (20 cm thick). As calcareous crushed stone ground, it is not recommended to put it in a pit, azalea loves acid soil. After planting, the plant should be well watered, and the land around it should be mulched with moss, fallen pine needles, peat, crushed bark. Mulch will not allow the growth of weeds, it will be longer to keep the soil moist and will warm the roots in the winter.
Reproduction of a plant
Azalea Japanese garden is propagated by cuttings andseeds. The latter method is not particularly popular, because it requires a lot of time, certain conditions. Plant azalea from the cuttings much easier and faster. They are well rooted in early spring. Already at the end of March or the beginning of April, it is necessary to cut off from a large bush a petiole about 10 cm long, undeveloped and lower leaves and apical bud at the same time are removed. In the end, there should be 3 healthy leaves.
The lower cut of the cut should be made at an angle of 45 °,and for an early rooting, sprinkle it with a stimulant. Then you should prepare the usual plastic cups or other containers with a drain hole. Cuttings are planted in peat moss, sprayed and covered with a film so that it does not touch their tops. The air temperature should be maintained within 18-22 ° C. A week after planting cuttings must be constantly ventilated, the substrate must be constantly moist. Within 1.5 months, the surviving plants will take root and can be transplanted to a permanent place in the garden.
Trim the bush
Very capricious, requiring constant attentionthe plant is azalea Japanese. Planting and care, which includes fertilizing, pruning, watering, warming for the winter, will allow to grow a beautiful, luxurious bush covered with bright flowers. To remove superfluous and faded shoots should be started about half a month after the end of flowering. The plant is recommended to thin, do not be afraid to cut off the branches. After such an operation, next year the bush will be even more magnificent and will please with abundant flowering. Pruning is done around the periphery, the places of cuts are covered with linseed oil, paint or garden wax. As the wilting process should be torn from the bush of flowers, thus contributing to the laying of new flower buds.
Azalea Japanese is a moisture-loving plant,Do not overdry it in any way, because it weakens and dies. But do not be fond of excessive watering. In large quantities, the azalea is needed during the flowering period. But here to spray it at this time is not recommended, because the flowers can be covered with ugly spots. In autumn, with increased humidity, watering should be reduced.
The fertilizers are positively responded practicallyall plants, the eastern beauty was no exception. That young seedlings are strengthened, went to growth, you need to feed them in the spring with a solution of the mullein. After the end of flowering, it is necessary to add phosphorus-potassium fertilizers in a ratio of 1: 2. Integrated long-acting top dressing is loved by the adult azalea Japanese. Planting and nursing involves the introduction of fertilizers in early spring, and then when the plant is blooming. You can not add fertilizing to the root, it will be more efficient to apply it at a distance of 20 cm from the bush. For garden azaleas, fertilizers containing chlorine and lime are not suitable.
Preparation for winter
Azalea Japanese does not tolerate direct hitsun rays in both summer and winter time. Warm sunny winter day can badly affect the roots of the plant. For this reason, late in the autumn before the start of frosts, it is necessary to fill the bush well, and then mulch with oak leaves or cover with pine needles. To the winter, the branches of the azalea are under snow, they need to be bent to the ground.
The most popular varieties
The Indian azaleas are heat-loving plants, soin our latitudes, in severe frosts, they can not survive. These beauties are mostly grown as indoor flowers. In the gardens you can plant Japanese and deciduous species, they easily withstand the temperature drop to -27 ° С. Azalea Japanese "Marushka" enjoys great popularity among flower growers. These are small half-meter bushes blooming in May with red flowers. "Marushka" likes partial shade, moist and acidic soil, growing quite slowly.
In many ways similar to the previous variety of azaleaPeticout. It also blooms in May, but only with pink flowers. The bush grows to half a meter, prefers abundant watering, otherwise the leaves may fall off. Another beauty from this group is azalea Ledikanense, flowers in which are delicate purple. Schneeperle amazes imagination with incredibly beautiful white inflorescences, in May this azalea looks like a bride. Flowering of Geisha Orange is impossible not to notice, because the bush literally blazes with orange. This azalea reacts quickly to drought, so it is important to keep the soil around it damp.
Deciduous varieties include large-flowereda hybrid of Knap Hill. It pleases with flowering about 60 days, in height it grows to 1.5 m. The bush is completely covered with buds. Also worth paying attention to the deciduous hybrids of Exbury and Mollis. If you like white flowers, it is worth buying Persil, red - Koster's Brilliant Red, yellow - Lemonara, pink - Cecile.
The most popular among flower growersKurum Japanese azalea. The photo of these beauties amazes and causes an irresistible desire to acquire several varieties of this beautiful plant. Kurum flowers are compact and decorative, they are grown only in the open ground at home, so they get along well with us. They are characterized by a small height, abundant flowering, spreading branches.
For winter hardy varieties in the store shouldto go early in the spring. In appearance, these are small bushes (about 25 cm) with flowering buds and leaves. Room azaleas can be purchased at any time of the year. Sold mainly saplings, but with large leaves and flowering. Therefore, it is important not to make a mistake in the choice and buy that plant, which is necessary, because if you land a room azalea in the garden, then it will die.