Anthurium - flower of love
Anthurium - an evergreen exotic plantfamily Aroids, numbering more than 800 species. The name of the plant is made up of the Greek words "flower" and "tail", which determine the shape of its unusual "caudate" inflorescences. In some countries it is called a flamingo flower or love. Anthurium - "male happiness" - is another name for the plant. Perhaps, soon you will hear about one of them.
A flower of love comes from tropical andsubtropical regions of Central and South America. Many of its species have aerial roots and grow in forests on trees, using them as a support (epiphytes and semi-epiphytes), and species of terrestrial plants are common. Grow it as a garden or indoor plant, cut flowers and leaves used in bouquets. The height of houseplants is on average up to 1 m. The leaves of different specimens differ in shape - whole and dissected, length - from a couple of centimeters to 1 meter and a diverse surface - velvety, glossy, green and painted.
Flowering and growing in an apartment
Anthurium has magnificent flowers blossoming withspring and until mid-October. Original inflorescences in the form of a cob-tail with a coverlet - a sub-color petal of different sizes and colors, from greenish to brightly colored, with a matte or shiny waxy surface. In different species, flowers have different smells, depending on the insects that are attracted to pollination. After pollination on the ear, fruit ripens - juicy berries of different colors.
In the room, an anturium, a flower of love,grow in pots. Better fit plastic, they retain soil temperature equal to the environment. A shallow wide pot is suitable for the surface root system of anthurium. At the bottom of the tank lay a drainage layer with a volume of 1/3 part of the pot. You can buy a ready-made substrate, but it is possible to prepare the mixture yourself. Mix the leafy earth (2 parts) with peat (2 parts), adding sand and coarse bark particles (1 part each), and also charcoal a couple of pieces, or prepare a mixture of peat (4 parts) and turf ground (2 parts), Sand (1 part) and chopped moss (1 part). There are a lot of cooking methods, but the main thing is that the soil should be loose, well ventilated, preserve nutrients and moisture, while it is easy to dry. Anthuriums grow well on large pieces of pine bark, coconut "chips" and in special containers for hydroponics.
Seeds and vegetatively (by dividing the root,cuttings, lateral offspring) propagate anthurium. Flower of love at home multiplies by dividing the bush or stem-like cuttings. Anthurium has fragile roots, and it is sensitive to their division. After the procedure, the separated parts need warmth and frequent spraying. When propagating with stem cuttings, they are rooted in pearl or sand with high humidity, creating greenhouse conditions with a glass cap or film. It is also possible to reproduce by lateral offspring, which are separated from the stem and planted in pots with a light porous soil. Collected seeds, extracted from the fruit, immediately laid out in loose peat or leafy soil with a slight indentation. After emergence, they are dived into boxes with loose earth, regularly watered and sprinkled.
Watering, temperature, spraying, transplantation
Fertilizers are carried out in spring and summer by fertilizers foraroidnyh 1 time in 2 - 3 weeks, and if necessary - every week. Foliar top-dressing of leaves is also beneficial. He does not like excess of lime and anthurium salts, a flower of love, so they feed him with fertilizers of dilute concentration. The plant loves well-lit places, but without direct sun rays. Ampel varieties grow well in the penumbra. The optimal choice of windows in the apartment is eastern and north-western. The thermophilic anthurium is afraid of sudden changes in temperature and drafts. In summer, suitable temperature is 20-28 ° C, in autumn-winter time - 15-16 ° C (minimum - 12 ° C). For early flowering since January, gradually increase the temperature to 20-25 ° C.
A young plant is transplanted eachyear into the active phase of growth. An adult anthurium is transplanted into a more nutritious soil 1 time in the period from 3 to 4 years. It is better to transfer large specimens to another pot - this is less stress for them. Transplanted plants are slightly deeper than before transplantation, placing young stem roots in the ground. It should be remembered that the juice of anthurium contains poison. With the plant, you must be careful when transplanting and pruning, keep in places that are inaccessible to children and pets. For all its exactingness anthurium gratefully responds to cares, delighting with its exotic beauty.