Hibiscus swamp: planting and care
Recently, the market of perennial gardencultures has become noticeably more diverse. No one is surprised to meet in the garden areas, not only the traditional Russian culture familiar to the Russian eye, but also decorative overseas aliens that appeared not so long ago, but instantly won the love of Russian gardeners.
From the history of the plant
A native of comfortable subtropical and tropicallatitudes, hibiscus marsh, or herbaceous, well established in domestic gardens. Completely corresponding to its name, as well as at home, this perennial shrub quickly grows, lush and beautifully blooms, if it is provided with the necessary conditions - a good moisturizing and sheltered from the wind, a sunny area. A special attitude to the generous irrigation of these crops caused the appearance of yet another, very popular name, often used by gardeners - mallow marsh.
Hibiscus swamp: photos and features of the plant
Hibiscus, revered as a national symbolmany East Asian countries, is famous for exquisite flowers with bright graceful corollas, colored red-terracotta spots blossoming at the ends of the stems and reaching 12-16 cm in diameter. Spectacular and large green, slightly incised leaves on short petioles retain their decorativeness before the onset of cold weather. The ripe fruit-box, formed after flowering, breaks down into the leaves, filled with many small glossy seeds.
Hibiscus marsh grows up to 2.5-3 m, widththe bush reaches from 1 to 1.8 m in diameter. Planted on the perimeter of several crops, quickly turn into a dense picturesque hedge, making the site uniquely beautiful. Despite its southern origin, the plant has a high winter hardiness and successfully survives Siberian winters in snow-covered gardens. The presence of an impressive layer of snow is a pledge of a successful wintering of the culture, whose life expectancy in temperate latitudes reaches 18-23 years. Critical for hibiscus is the lowering of the thermometer column to -30 ° C. Blooming exotic southerner from early June until the fall.
The requirements of the plant extend onlyon the amount of vital moisture. Otherwise, the culture is surprisingly unpretentious, and anyone can grow it, because marsh hibiscus can feel great in a pot on a balcony, loggia or in an apartment, although initially it is oriented to cultivation in the open ground.
The ideal place for planting hibiscus iswet, wetland or a well-sunlit area near the pond with weakly acidic or neutral soils. It is possible and partial shading of the site. In this case, the foliage will be thicker and larger, and the bloom is slightly more scarce.
Propagation of hibiscus: cuttings propagation
Hibiscus swamp is propagated by cuttings andseeds. Both methods are practically equivalent, but cuttings are the simplest and most common among gardeners. Cuttings, suitable young shoots, cut with a sharp knife in the spring and, treating them with special preparations stimulating root formation (for example, "Kornevin", "Epin", "Zircon"), root them in a mixture of sand and peat, placing first in a mini-greenhouse and keeping at home, a half to two months. The optimum temperature for better rooting is 23-28 ° C. In June they are planted in the open ground.
Cuttings can be carried out in the summer. In this case, rooted cuttings that have turned into seedlings are planted for the next year and there are incomparably more chances for successful survival.
How to grow hibiscus from seeds
In the absence of quality landingmaterial, grow hibiscus swamp from seeds. They are sown in January, having previously selected viable. Seeds are flooded with water and otsotrirovyvayut settled on the bottom. Then each seed is pierced with a needle to facilitate puffing and placed in the solution of the biostimulator for several hours. After that, the seeds are dried and planted in a mixture of peat and vermiculite (2: 1), evenly spreading over the surface of the substrate and slightly pressing them. The container is covered with glass or a film, creating an impromptu greenhouse with the necessary microclimate.
Features of care for seedlings
Daily airing of seedlings andSpray the substrate with water from the atomizer to maintain the desired level of humidity. After germination of seeds, the film from the container is removed, leaving the containers in a comfortable warm and bright place. Seedlings can not stand drafts and bright direct sun rays, so care should be taken to ensure comfortable conditions at this important stage.
Diving seedlings on separate potsspend, when on seedlings 3-5 present leaflets will appear. At the stage of growing seedlings, hibiscus is not fed, only during transplanting-picking, humus is added to peat-sand soil, nutrients are sufficient for the further development of seedlings. Such are the rules of the agrotechnics of reproduction of such a culture as hibiscus marsh. Cultivation from seeds or cuttings is not associated with special difficulties, but the plant obtained by cuttings, blooms earlier for 1-2 years.
The planted seedlings are planted in the garden only then,when the soil warms up well, and the threat of spring frosts finally passes. If it is planned to grow in a pottery version, the volume of the container with each transplant should increase in diameter by 1.5-2 cm.
Hibiscus swamp: planting and care. A photo
Before planting hibiscus in the open ground, it is necessary to take care of the preparation of the site. Dig a landing pit corresponding to the size of the root system of the seedling.
Pit a third filled with prepared earthmix it with a slide, have a seedling in it, spread the roots along the embankment and fill it with earth, after which the soil is well condensed and lavished with lukewarm water. To avoid loss of moisture around the seedling arrange a small earthen roller that holds water. For a week, the young plant is watered daily. This minimizes stress from landing and helps it to take root faster. The first two winters are covered with a young plant for the winter, using special materials, ruberoid or lapnik. The young shrub first blooms for 3-4 years.
Care: what a gardener needs to know
The shrub successfully tolerates forming scraps andThe whole season retains the desired shape, which is especially appreciated by the designers of garden areas. Carry out this procedure in late winter or early spring, before the onset of sap flow and swelling of the kidneys. Along with the formation of the crown, the pruning is also of a sanitary nature: the plants, freed from the sick, shrunken and thickening shoots, grow better and more confidently, delighting gardeners with generous flowering.
Top dressing: when and what to fertilize
A good growth of culture is promoted by regulartop dressing. Hibiscus swamp, care for which is not burdensome, should receive nutrients twice a season: nitrogen fertilizers (for example, humus or infusion of overripe manure) in the spring and phosphate-potash in autumn. Nitrogen stimulates the growth of culture, and phosphorus and potassium help the tissues of plants to survive the harsh winters.
What are the cuttings used for?
The first trimming of hibiscus is carried out whenthe shrub reaches 0.6 m in height. It is shortened by half the growth, thereby stimulating active branching and foliar formation. The main crop forming culture is carried out towards the end of winter, cutting out dry peduncles, old stems and leaving the woody part of the bush. Note that pinching and pruning - procedures are mandatory, you can not ignore it, because hibiscus will stretch upwards, will not gain the necessary volume of green mass, i.e., significantly reduce decorativeness.
These are the main stages of care for such an exotic plant, as hibiscus bog. Cultivation of this beautiful culture - the procedure is simple and under the power of the most ignorant gardener.