Hibiscus garden - a beautiful useful plant
Hibiscus garden belongs to the family of mallow. In nature, this evergreen or deciduous plant, which grows mainly in tropical countries: China, Indonesia, Fiji, Java, Sri Lanka.
For the love of a humid climate, hibiscus sometimescalled marsh mallow. Plants serve not only for decorative purposes. Young sprouts and leaves are used as vegetables for food. All parts of hibiscus are used in medicine, and from the seeds of the plant make jewelry-necklaces. Flowers are used for the production of black or purple hair dyes and in the food industry. Pieces of dried fruit are a constituent of fruit teas: Karkade, Sudanese rose, Malvovy, etc.
Hibiscus garden heals and purifies the air, and also beneficially affects the weak plants planted in the neighborhood.
Today, over half a thousand varieties are known andgarden forms of hibiscus, which differ in the degree of terry, size and color of flowers, which has such shades as pink, yellow, salmon, red, orange, purple, lilac. Delicate petals are framed with a border, dotted with strokes, decorated with a contrasting coloration - the eye. The leaves are located on the petioles in a certain sequence. Flowers axillary large are at the top of the shoot.
In a temperate climate is very much in demandHibiscus Syrian. It is a bush or tree with bright green foliage and flowers of various colors. Used for group and solitary planting, creating alleys and hedges. The tree slowly grows, blossoms and fructifies from the age of three. Young bushes must be covered for winter, adults can withstand short-term frosts to minus 20 ° C. To the soil the plant is undemanding, the soil must have good drainage. Due to gas stability, Syrian hibiscus grows well in urban conditions.
Hibiscus: Growing and Care
Shrub likes scattered, without direct sun exposure, light. It is necessary to protect the plant from a draft. The optimum temperature in summer is 22 degrees, in winter minus 15.
During the vegetation requires abundant watering,especially during the flowering period. In autumn and winter, moistening reduces. Do not allow excessive drying or wetting of the substrate. Water is best to take a soft - stale or rain.
For fertilizing use mineral fertilizers,which alternate with the introduction of liquid mullein (1 infusion per 10 liters of water). Fertilizer is produced once a week from spring to August, at other times, once a month, potassium or phosphorus additives are given.
In the spring, before the flowering, hibiscus gardenthey cut off. This allows you to speed up the formation of buds and increase the number of peduncles, and also forms a lush bush. In the first place remove dried, stretched shoots, cut healthy half. Formed sections must be covered with garden so that the plant does not run out of juice. Cuttings obtained as a result of circumcision can be rooted and thus a new beautiful plant can be obtained.
For the density of the crown and the stimulation of the development of young shoots forming flowers, the plant is cut at a distance of 15 cm from the beginning of the base to the kidney.
Hibiscus garden planted on neutral light nutrient soils. To exclude water stagnation, the plant needs good drainage.
Reproduction is performed by seeds and cuttings. Seeds soaked in a solution of Epin and planted in a mixture of sand and peat, which is placed in a mini greenhouse. When the shoots form several leaves, they are transplanted to a permanent place. It is easier to propagate by cuttings obtained as a result of cutting.
Hibiscus garden can be affected by aphids, scabies or spider mite. In such cases, the pests are washed off with soapy water, the plant is treated with a solution of the actinic.