Hibiscus room. Care
Hibiscus is a fairly extensive genus of plants,belonging to the Malviv family. Of the three hundred species of this genus that grow in nature in the tropical and temperate regions of Eurasia and Africa, and also within the Caribbean, only one is grown at home. This hibiscus is Chinese or, as it is also called, hibiscus room.
Care for this plant is powerful even for beginnersfloriculturist, because it is unpretentious and grateful for any care. Even with minimal effort, you can get a beautiful compact bush with charming large flowers. At present, cultivars with yellow, cream, pink, scarlet, bright red, white flowers have been obtained, terry and variegated forms have been derived. So if you want, you can create a whole collection.
How to care for hibiscus to getEffective plant? You need to start by choosing a place. The plant is photophilous, therefore it is desirable to place it on solar windows. First, from the direct sun you need to pritenyat, but if you accustom the plant gradually, hibiscus chinese will perfectly tolerate even the brightest midday rays.
In the summer it is desirable to place it in the garden or on theterrace, protecting from wind and precipitation. Fresh air has a beneficial effect on the plant, it grows stronger, gaining strength, begins to bush and actively blooms. In addition, during the growing season, we must not forget about fertilizing. In additional nutrition at this time all plants need, not an exception and hibiscus room. Care in the spring-summer period must include the introduction of fertilizers. You can use both mineral fertilizing, and organic. At this time, moistening should be regular and abundant. Humidity does not matter in principle, but spraying does not prevent the spider mite from being prevented.
If in winter the plant is kept in a cool place(temperature of about 15 ° C), then watering is reduced, top dressing stops - there comes a period of rest. If you keep the bush at a temperature above 20 degrees and use additional lighting, the bloom will continue. Of course, this is a more troublesome method, but the reward for all worries will be the first blossomed flower among winter. Hibiscus can hibernate and completely without leaves. To do this, in autumn, watering is reduced to a minimum, leaves are waiting, radical cutting is carried out and the bush is placed in a cool place (about 10 degrees). Naturally, with this method of flowering, it does not go.
In the spring, when the light day increases,attention and care are required by all plants, including hibiscus room. Care in this period begins with two important activities - transplants and pruning. Young specimens are often overtaken - every spring, adults - as the pot is filled with roots (as a rule, every 2-3 years). This culture needs a fertile, light, nutrient-rich fresh soil with a good structure. It is possible to make a substrate from soddy land, river sand and humus (2: 1: 1), it is possible to add to this mixture another part of the leaf earth, a little peat and crushed charcoal. It is also necessary to take care of good drainage, since stasis of moisture at the roots can ruin the hibiscus room. Care of the plant is, of course, very important, but still only additional measures. The key to success is correctly selected soil. Therefore, the transplant should always be approached seriously.
As for pruning, this procedure is not onlyallows you to get a neat compact bush, but also is a pledge of abundant flowering. Therefore, it is necessary to cut, especially since hibiscus is very easy to tolerate pruning, and flower buds are formed on the shoots of the current year. You can remove anything that is above the kidney located at a height of 15 cm from the base of the shoot. Later, the crown is once again thinned, weak shoots are removed, they stay strong and healthy.
Agrotechnics of growing hibiscus is quite simple, and for the applied efforts the plant generously will thank the owner with its unusual southern beauty.