Breeding sheep: instruction for beginners
In today's world, quite a lot of peopleengaged in breeding livestock. In fact, this is a profitable occupation, that's just worth remembering that every living creature needs proper care. Among the branches of farming, sheep breeding is considered to be a fairly profitable business. Animals are hardy and unpretentious. This area of livestock production allows you to get a fairly large list of products: these are skins, and wool, and meat, and milk. To successfully manage the sheep farm, it is necessary to understand well the physiological characteristics and subtleties of keeping animals. Only in this case you can give them a quality care. So where do you start? Let's consider this issue in more detail.
Choosing the breed of sheep
So, you decided to learn more about breedingsheep. How to start a farmer? First of all, you need to determine the goals of breeding. Based on this, you can pick the right breed. Here the choice is wide enough: meat-wool, meat, kludyuknye and so on.
To obtain quality wool, it is recommended to purchase animals of the following breeds:
Species related to meat and wool allowget enough thin wool. They can be further subdivided into short-haired and long-haired. The latter type includes breeds: Tien Shan, Russian long-haired, Romney-march, Kuibyshev, North Caucasian. The short-haired sheep are Latvian, Lithuanian and Estonian. Individuals are growing rapidly. The meat of this breed is of excellent quality. If you plan to start making cloth, carpets, furs, then Georgian and Tsigai sheep are best for this purpose. Those who are interested in fur coats, it is worth paying attention to Romanov and Karakul breeds.
Of particular praise deserves a Romanov view. First, it is considered universal. Individuals of this breed show high rates both in terms of dairy and meat production. Plus, they grow well and are almost not sick. This option is considered optimal for beginners. If you have never been engaged in sheep breeding, the Romanov breed will suit you perfectly.
Tushinsky, Karachai and the Balbasare distinguished by high rates for milk, wool and meat. Many farmers are trying to find the ideal breed for fat, wool, meat and felt. In this case, it is better to give preference to gissar or édilbaev sheep. Animals of these breeds are considered to be the largest. The weight of an adult can reach 200 kg.
Choose a room
If you are planning to engage in sheep breeding, you should carefully study the conditions of sheep breeding.
Animals in sheepfold should feel comfortable, so a number of requirements are presented to the room:
- The temperature in the room is from 7 degrees.
- 1/15 of the space should occupy the windows. Sheep need good lighting.
- The area of the room should be quite large. The adult is between 2.5 and 3 meters. The lamb should account for about 0.7 square meters.
- The floor in the sheep must be firm and warm. It is best if it is wooden or clay.
- The room must be equipped with a large double-leaf gate.
Shepherds need regular cleaning andaeration. The room should also be equipped with a high-quality ventilation system. The area is better to pawn a little more. In this case, you will have a place to keep the sheep along with the offspring.
Conditions of keeping sheep in summer
In the warm season, you can keep animalsuse a simple enclosure with a canopy. In addition to grass, sheep must be given additional cake, hay, root crops and so on. It is extremely important to provide animals with water. You need to milk the sheep twice a day. Water is usually collected from a well.
Picking up a place under the pasture is necessary to drawattention to the fact that there was a pond nearby. For the grazing of sheep, marshlands are not suitable. Animals can react poorly to dampness. The herd should be on the pasture no less than 14 hours a day.
How to properly keep sheep in the cold?
In winter, sheep are usually kept in sheepfold. To herd the herd in the rain is not recommended, it can lead to an increase in the incidence. Also, you should prepare enough forage for the winter. On the day an adult can eat up to 4 kg of hay. In the event that you plan to have a large herd, you may need special equipment. With the help of equipment, you can easily provide cattle with food in the cold. For feeding animals you will also need grain. In a day for one sheep are laid on 1,5-2 kg. In addition, bean silage and root vegetables can be used as a feeding.
In summer, sheep spend most of the time onpastures. The basis of their nutrition is fresh grass. Cereal hay and corn silage can be used as a feed. Sheep can also be fed with grain mixtures, vegetables and hay. Regardless of the season, the diet of animals should include table salt at a rate of 10-15 grams for an adult sheep and 5-8 grams for a lamb. The daily menu must include chalk. It is a source of calcium, phosphate and bone meal. With the onset of cold weather, when food on the pastures becomes more scarce, the animals are required to give beets, carrots, cereals, beans, cake, bran and so on. If you want the sheep to gain weight and be healthy, they need good nutrition. In the case of a lack of food, a decrease in weight may occur.
What to feed the young and the queens?
Sheep breeding at home is necessarily associated with the development of a diet. For example, mothers need a balanced quality food.
In the daily diet must include the following components:
- cereals and grains;
- leguminous crops;
For feeding, lambs can sometimesused cow's milk. Approximately one month before the birth, the sheep should be fed with mixed fodder instead of hay. When a lamb is born, on the day of the uterus, you can give 1 kilogram of hay, 4 kilograms of vegetables and a half-kilogram of concentrates.
As for the lambs, they feed on milkmother only the first 5 days. If this is not possible, at first they can eat special mixtures or cow's milk. After reaching one-month age, lambs can be started to be converted to concentrated food. From two months a day, you can give 150 grams of food.
Prevention of diseases
Many beginning farmers are interested in the question: with what to start breeding sheep? It is not out of place to learn about the basic diseases of these animals. It is believed that the main enemy of sheep is damp. Long stay in a humid room can lead to the development of pneumonia.
In this disease, the following symptoms can occur:
- labored breathing;
- loss of appetite.
The course of treatment necessarily includes taking antibiotics. That animals are not ill, it is recommended to keep them warm and dry. Also, you can not graze sheep in the rain.
Another common disease isflatulence of the rumen. There is an ailment in case of improper feeding. Sheep loses its appetite and starts to get nervous. There may also be signs of flatulence and swelling. To eliminate these symptoms, a sheep is injected into the mouth with a gas discharge tube. In urgent cases, even surgical intervention may be required.
With what problems can still be interfacedbreeding sheep at home? For beginners, one of the most acute issues is poisoning in pasture. A sign in this case may be loss of appetite, diarrhea or vomiting. With the first symptoms, it is necessary to wash the stomach of the sheep using Glauber's salt and vegetable oil.
Another common problem with whichbeginners can encounter, this is the sheep's appearance on the hooves. In this case, the growth must be cut off, otherwise the animal will limp. To prevent the development of the disease in time, you need to monitor the condition of the sheep. In food animals should be given only a balanced feed, rich in trace elements.
Fundamentals of breeding sheep
What other issues can the farmer face?in the process of breeding sheep? The rocks of Romanov and Edelbaev differ in their high fertility. For one lamb ovation can bring 5 lambs. Usually births take place without complications and take up to 40 minutes. Sometimes the fruit goes out with the bladder. If you do not break it in time, the lamb may die. During the first two hours, the lamb should receive food. If the sheep can not feed it independently, then it is necessary to give the lamb milk on its own. Individuals grow up fairly quickly. Milk they eat the first two months. The first lure can be administered after reaching the age of 4-5 weeks. Grow lambs very quickly. Already a month they can begin to try food for adult sheep.
The breeding of Romanov sheep is usually associated withwith the questions of a hairstyle. The time for this procedure usually depends on the climatic features of the region. With the onset of warm days in sheep coarse-wooled and semi-coarse-grained breeds, you can begin to remove the hair covering. If this is not done in time, there is a risk of losing part of the cover. As a rule, the haircut is carried out twice a year - in the autumn and in the spring.
Sheep fine-wool breeds do not shed in the warm season. It is not recommended to cut them too early. Such an animal should be performed only once a year.
What else awaits those who decided to tackle such a difficult business as breeding sheep?
For beginners, you can give several valuable recommendations:
- the hair of the animal must be moistened during the haircut;
- You can not cut an animal immediately after drinking water or feeding;
- After two weeks after cutting the animals should be washed with a special disinfectant.
Sheep breeding is enoughdifficult process. But if you take into account the recommendations presented in this article, you can easily cope with all the problems that arise. The main thing is to provide the animals with comfortable conditions, to make the right diet and constantly monitor their condition. In this case, you will be able to achieve positive results, and your flock will always be in perfect order.